This is the only transparent 3 primary color wheel like this. It matches natures' way of making crystals dark.
Use this Real Color Wheel to match pigments that are the correct neutral-dark color mixing complements.
Use it for mixing shadows and shade colors without using black pigment.
Use it for making 18 different complement sets and 648 split-complement sets.
A color wheel designed by a color artist painting only on location for 30 years and taking color notes.
It matches crystal color oppositions.
Cyan is from the copper element and makes Thalo blue,
the copper crystal has cyan's opposite red color.
Lead makes a blue crystal and a yellow oxide.
Quartz makes a magenta and green crystal as one, to both white opaque and black clear.
Q. Why is a Real Color Wheel handy?
Q. When you're on location painting or photographing and arranging colors, how do you use it?
A. While painting you see an object. Take the brightest local color on it and mix in its opposite color to darken and shadow it.
Here are the correct oppositions to make all shadows and colors that look good together. It takes a lot of memorizing to know each colors opposite so it's handy to read the color in nature and see the name of the pigment on the RCW Color wheel.
RCW and RGB colorwheels can use the same 36 intense rim colors.
The Red-Green-Blue RGB light spectrum that the computer uses subtracts light to darken colors so only only the full hue rim colors and tints are similar to the full hue colors on the Real Color Wheel.
The RCW matches the way a transparent colored crystal of each colors element becomes darker.
This RCW comes in CMYK for Pigment color reproduction and RGB for emitted computer Light color. The emitted light colors match the CMYK transparent pigment colors that are used in my plotter as inks for printing the Real Color Wheel as well as my painting media.
Here are correct tint colors & incorrect shadow colors
#36 Yellow-yellow-green and #1 yellow are side by side, each using 10 degrees of the 360 degrees circle.
Transparent magenta and transparent green are opposite, just add any two opposite colors together to get either a darker shadow color or all the way dark to a neutral dark.
This CLICKABLE chip color map below shows the true opposition pigment colors for mixing neutral darks on my color wheel.
|The transparent primary color Yellow in pigments can shade to either a green Cool Dark, like in the RGB/YMC light system or to a red Warm Dark, like my color wheel has it for pigments. The transparent color pigment Yellow must be on the warm side for the artist to mix it with any other warm color. By adding a cool yellow/green pigment to a warm yellow color you would lessen the intensity of the yellow and make it dirty.|
Yellow to Black in the RGB is very similar to Green's dark in both the RGB and CMYK colorwheels.
The Real Colour Wheel, RCW, is different. Yellow goes to Red's warm dark brown like in nature, not green's cool dark.
As in the Titanium crystal Rutile. Link
1,000,000,000 nm to 1 meter.
If you would like the link to this large 600 dpi tif EM image in a Zip file ask for one by Email.
Electromagnetic Spectrum Chart 600 ppi by Real Color Wheel - Email
If you want more information about the electromagnetic spectrum it's on my rainbow page.
The RCW Real Color Wheel is also the Crystal Real Color Wheel. It shows the colors of these elements in there natural progression as they get darker. For instance, crystal oxides containing iron, go from yellow to brown, orange to brown or red to brown.
Since this is so, it makes light's RGB colorwheel inaccurate for plotting pigments or for the artist to use as a color wheel in the field. Ultramarine blue must be opposite yellow and plot opposite yellow, like on this wheel. It is just as accurate as the simple RGB positioning of pure colors, only better because it includes the correct darker colors of each.
A new opaque Irgazine Yellow is a perfect warm darker yellow, 36RCW#1.6 while the new Bismuth Yellow is the bright full chroma RCW#1.0 The Irgazine Yellow has a very slight dual-tonality and will mix with its complement ultramarine blue to a dark.
Look at RCW#36.0, Yellow-green, and compare it to the primary path to dark for yellow on the RGB wheel. They look the same. There is no warm yellow path to dark in the RGB, only a cool one. On the RCW, I properly put them side-by-side. I use the warm path of yellow as the path of pure primary Yellow and the cool path as Yellow-green's path because this is exactly how the pigment crystals darken. Dual-toned Irgazine Green is a transparent Yellow-green and it mixes a neutral with Dioxzine Purple.
Here are some crystals that could interest the artist since crystals are pigments and chemicals are made with the same elements.
The Calcite crystal, [CaCo3], makes the perfect Cyan color with the Copper element in the Iceland Spar Crystal which changes color when viewed from different directions (PLEOCHROISM) to the color Ultramarine Blue. The Iceland Spar's copper content causes the color to appear in a span of colors from cyan to ultramarine blue depending on your position to it.
Note that Transparent Indian Yellow and translucent Gamboge are synthetic hue/color names, these colors as "genuine" are not available or used today.
PERMANENT TRANSPARENT YELLOWS
Dual-toned Indian Yellows;
Dual-toned Indian Yellow-Greens;
Yellow-Brown-Oxide hue to Lemon Yellow, PY150 Nickel Azo Complex (Nickel Azo Brown - Lemon by O.H.)
Yellow-Orange to Lemon Yellow, PY:153 Org/s, Dioxine Nickel Complex by O.H.
PR122 quinacridone = Magenta
PV23.1r carbazole dioxazine = Purple
PV23 dioxazine nickel complex = Permanent Violet Blueish transparent secondary blue
PB60 anthraquinone and Indanthrone = Blue Deep to Turquoise
PB15.3 copper phthalocyanine (BEST) and PB33 manganese Barium Manganate= Cyan (Thalo Blue and Manganese Blue transparent)
PB7 Chlorinated copper phthalocyanine = Turquoise to Green
PY83 stable di-arylide + PG7 chlorinated copper phthalocyanine = Sap Green Y/S
PY83 stable di-arylide HR + PG7 chlorinated copper phthalocyanine + PO43 perinone orange = Sap Green O/S
2002, Liquitex has some nice new transparent colors, Acra Gold = yellow to brown, darker than Indian Yellow Brown Side. A Burnt Orange that's brown to orange and Van Dyke Brown, a brown to red color.
2006, Golden Artist Colors added Indian Yellow Golden Hue, Arylide Yellow PY7, Nickel Complex Azo PY150 and Quinacridone PR206, transparent, very nice Indian yellow. Also added, a green/brown Indian yellow hue called Nickel Azo Yellow.
Used in addition to the transparent primary pigments for their opaqueness and brilliance.
PY100 Tartrazine, PY150, PY153 Nickel Azo = Transparent Yellow
PY35 cadmium Zinc sulfide = Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Yellow on top, read red right. #1 to #36, 10 degrees each color.
#1, to reach a dark neutral use the darkest form of yellow, orange or red (all of which are burnt umber) and mix it with its opposite color.
To darken a yellow object first use the mass-tone of transparent yellow, from that point add the graduated color oxides like yellow ocher light, medium or dark to brown oxide.
Cyan first darkens to blue, like the sky, cyan at the horizon and ult/royal blue at the azimuth.
The rest of this color wheels colors will darken by adding the opposite color until it reaches neutral dark.
Therefore, anyone working with pigments can reliably find truly opposite colors, which will always mix to a neutral dark without using black pigment.
Oil Pigment Palette.
White is in the middle of the palette. The top of the palette on the left is Dioxazine Purple, Ultramarine Blue, Cobalt Blue, Thalo Blue, Turquoise, Opaque Green and Thalo Green Y/s on the right.
The left side goes from Dioxazine Purple to Burnt Umber, Bt. Sienna, Red Oxide, Yellow Ochre, Naples Yellow (or lead-tin Yellow) to Quinacridone Magenta at the bottom.
The bottom row of colors is Quinacridone Magenta, Rembrandt Rose, Cad Red, Cadmium Orange, Indian Yellow Golden, Cadmium Yellow Medium, Cadmium Yellow Light, Cadmium Yellow Pale, Lead Yellow Lemon is in the bottom right corner of the palette.
The right side is from Thalo Green Y/s on the top, than Permanent Green Light, Green Gold, Yellow-Green Transparent & Opaque with Lead Yellow Light at the bottom.
I keep all 37 of these oil pigments below on hand with me, they all have their special color and pigment properties.
You don't need the Caput Mortum, Thalo Green Turquoise Opaque, Cyan blue opaque or any of the tubed whites. Do get the O.H. Phthalo Blue Green Shade instead of the opaque Cyan Blue, or both.
Jar white is of stroking consistency which makes mixing strokeable colors faster.
Real Color Wheel - Tube Pigment Colors in RGB and hexadecimal codes.
Each color's first number relates to its position on the 36 color Real Color Wheel.
Yellow is the color numbered (#1.0) the full designation is (36RCW#1.0.5),
the .5 is in the middle of the warm to cool veritable shown in the 360RCW
The (dot) second number locates the color in each wedge as it gets darker, just as they do in crystals.
A zero and a number as the second number (#1.01 to #1.09) is a yellow tint, (#1.09) is a very light yellow tint.
The number (#1.1) is the first darker version of yellow, (#1.9) is a very dark yellow brown/side.
Opposite complement pigments mix dark shadow colors just as nature makes dark and lighter shadows on local-color objects.
#1.9 (dark yellow) + #19.0 including #19.9 (French blue to dark blue) mix dark neutral.
The Rutile crystal shows progressive color, a tint of yellow, full yellow, dark brown/yellow, blue and black.
Titanium Crystal, Rutile
Test your monitor, the top button is the deepest Black.
The next radio button is White.
The next radio button is White.
Or a cool neutral tint. #"CCCCCC" R=180, G=180, B=180, CMYK= 20Y 40C 20M, RCW= Any triad or complementary set of colors, plus white.
Enter a color name or hexidesimal code, FFFFFF = White (all colors full, the numbers 000000 = black (no color). Use numbers in groups of 33 to be web safe. Examples: FF0000 is red, 990000 is a dark red color red and no other colors, 660000 is a darker red, 33000 is very dark red. 00FF00 is green, 0000FF is blue, CCCCCC is neutral gray.
Top-tone is adding White to the color. Under-tone is adding clear. Mass-tone is thick out of the
I think a spectroscope of dried pigment color would show all colors to be impure but this can't always be shown on the web. The percentage CMYK was from mathematical printed chart and matched to the tube color by eye.
I matched the dried chip color to the computer by eye. It's close enough to paint with a computer tablet and compare the relationships of similar colors in pigments.
I matched the pigment tube color dry to RGB color and read it with a Digital Color Meter.
Top-tone is adding White to the color. Under-tone is adding clear, like water or oil. Mass-tone is thick out of the tube pigment. Click the radio button to change the background to the matching tube color.
All dots are links to each pigment's description.
The center links to the photo pigment color chip chart pigment page. Pigment artists, don't miss it!
Real Color Wheels are 360, 36, 12, 6 or 3 colors.
The color "arcs" or "wedges/arcs" are numbered from 1 to 36, the 360RCW shows 360 colors.)
C l i c k a b l e A r t i s t s R e a l C o l o r W h e e l : f i n d m a t c h i n g p i g m e n t s
The main ring represents either the full-chroma (100%) opaque pigment, or a 50% top-tone tint of darker transparent pigment. All of these colors are indicated by appending from ".1" to ".9" to the end of its wedge number. So, pure yellow is the middle of the 9º VariableRCW and is written as 36RCW#1.0.5. Cooler would be #1.0.1, warmer would be #1.0.9.
This RCW is made up of thirty-six 10º "wedges," (wedge-shaped stacks of "blocks,") which are arranged top to bottom and side-by-side, around the RCW logo. A wedge depicts specific intensities or values of a single color. Darker versions lie below and tinted versions lay above the pure-color block zero.
RELATIVE TEMPERATURE NOTATION
Cyan, RCW#25.0 darkens in intensity to RCW#25.10 dark blue is exactly the same as Ultramarine Blue's darkest blue RCW#19.10 before any complement is added into it.
Here is the permanent transparent ink color in my plotter, it's called Tartrazine Acid Yellow 23, an Azo pigment, PY:100.
RCW#25 transparent cyan and opaque red RCW#7 are opposite colors. By using similarly-numbered blocks of these wedges to represent pairs of complements they will make neutral-darks when mixed.
36RCW#25, CYAN TO DARK BLUE matching the printed RCW
#25.0 cyan = 40% mass-tone intensity in a clear media + 00% ult. blue. Notice printed cyan is a 40% tint of, not the mass-tone of PB15.3.
36RCW#19, (FRENCH ULTRAMARINE) BLUE TO NEUTRAL DARK
#19.0 = French Ultramarine Blue
36RCW#1, YELLOW TO DARK BROWN
Horray for Iron's opaques and Nickle Azo's transparent oils and Tartrazine Azo for water-based paints. Congradulations to the winners of the Yellow Color Award from the RCW. I know it's been done before by the Byzantine's in the Dark Ages durning their First Golden Age of Byzantine, Pictura Translucida paintings but these winning pigments are permanent and tested in boun fresco.
So there are many ways for yellow to reach brown when you include the transparent and opaque yellows plus the dual-toned transparent browns that tint to light ochers.
The 36 "real color wheel" will give you accurate split complements. Between #1yellow and #19ultblue are eighteen 10° spaces on each side. From one to nine colors on each side of the opposite color makes the designers' split complements. Expect perfection; it happens all the time in nature. "YELLOW AND BROWN ARE DIFFERENT DEGREES OF THE SAME COLOR". Earth colored with the the opaque iron element traverses yellow, yellow ochers, red ochers, brown ochers and brown green ochers. The Nickel element is the yellow to orange dual-toned transparent colors, and yellow to ocher dual-toned transparent colors. Nickel Azo is from transparent or translucent yellow, orange and red. The Cadmium element can make a opaque light yellow-green, yellow, orange and red, always opaque. Lead makes yellow, orange, red, brown warm and brown cool, always opaque. Copper element will make transparent cyan including green and makes a red transparent crystal, all transparent. Quinacridone is best making transparent magenta to transparent rose.
DON'T EAT THE PIGMENTS
Check a box of strawberry Nutri-Grain bars sold in America and youll notice that the treats
contain synthetic food dyes like Red 40, Yellow 6, and Blue 1. Shoppers on the other side of the
pond buying the same products, however, will see that their bars get their colors from
all-natural beet root, annatto, and paprika extract. As a consequence, the Kellogg Company,
Kraft, McDonald and other American companies that do business in Europe use safe, natural
colorings there but harmful, synthetic petrochemicals here.